E-mail:  albanacanollari@unyt.edu.al

Office Hours:  Thursday 13:00-15:00 pm, Office 3

 Teaching Philosophy

 My pedagogical stance has been greatly influenced by academics who believe that students build knowledge and skills by associating new materials with prior knowledge and experience. Teaching and learning is a mutual and consistent collaboration. As students actively partake in the learning process, professors are there to bridge their present level with the next one. I view students as capable and responsible individuals, who start and, with efforts, successfully complete the courses they undertake.

 Course purpose

 The purpose of this course is to introduce students/you to major and emerging theories of personality. Personality theories will be explained as they relate to assessment methods through classroom discourse and performance on referenced tests. Students/You will be exposed to research findings for each theory. Students/You will also be encouraged to shift to critical evaluation and to the applicability of these theories in daily life.

Course Description

This course focuses on some of the main theories of personality and the research methods used to investigate them. It explores the way in which each theory defines and studies personality and the way in which it explains personality development. You will be encouraged to think critically about each theory as they relate to assessment methods through classroom discourse and performance on referenced tests.

 Course Objectives

By the end of this course, you will be able to:

  • Describe and understand the assumptions and concepts of different theoretical approaches to the study of personality.
  • Describe and explain personality development according to the different approaches.
  • Discuss the similarities and differences among the approaches.
  • Conduct archival research on a major theory and present findings to peers in the classroom setting.
  • Discuss the validity of each approach on the basis of research findings.
  • Demonstrate research skills by writing a personality self-assessment in APA style and format.
  • Highlight the various defense mechanisms often employed by people with behavioral problems.
  • Engage in a critical discourse with peers about the difficulties encountered in assessment of subjective aspects of human behavior.
  • Apply assessment methods to the analysis of one’s own personality.



Schultz, D. P., & Schultz, S. E. (2009). Theories of personality (9th ed.). Belmont, CA: Wadsworth/Cengage Learning.

Aschcraft, D. (2009). Personality Theories Workbook (4th ed.). Belmont, CA: Wadsworth/Cengage Learning

Course Requirements

Attendance & Punctuality: Attendance in UNYT classes is mandatory. I will keep track of your attendance and punctuality every hour of class. Absences will not be excused since you are allowed to miss up to 3 hours per semester without it affecting the attendance grade. In addition, you should refrain from arriving late without prior approval from me. If you do not arrive on time, the hour will be counted as an absence. Note that attendance will help your performance in the exams, which will focus on the material covered in the textbooks AND on additional material that will be covered in class. The grades for attendance will be as follows:

Hours Missed Grade
0-3 100%
4 95%
5 90%
6 85%
7 80%
8 70%
9 60%
10 50%
11 40%
12 30%
13 20%
14 10%

Participation: You are required to read the assigned material in advance for each lecture. This will help you to understand the lecture and to work on the case study that will accompany it. At the end of each lecture, you will be presented with a case study focusing on a fictional or real person. Working in groups of two, you will analyse this person’s personality based on the personality theory/theories covered on that day. You will then present your ideas in a class discussion. You are encouraged to be active during the lectures and in class discussions. Your attendance and overall participation in the course will make up 10% of your final grade.


Examinations: There will be two examinations. The midterm exam will account for 30% of your final grade which will consist of an essay; whereas the final exam will account for 40%.


Essay: You will have to prepare an essay in which you:

  • Describe yourself or someone you know (e.g., in terms of personality characteristics, behaviours in specific situations, feelings and/or thoughts).
  • Describe briefly two personality theories of your choice and explain your or the other person’s personality in terms of these theories. How do these theories explain your or the other person’s personality and behaviours? Make sure you use a cautious language as you raise your hypotheses / give your explanations.
  • Critically evaluate how effective the two theories are in explaining your or the other person’s personality. Do they explain well the complexity of this personality? Are there any aspects of this personality that they ignore or do not explain adequately?

Your essay will be dealt with in a confidential manner and will be read only by me. However, if you still feel uncomfortable describing yourself, simply describe someone you know without providing any identifying information about this person (e.g., his/her name or relationship to you). The essay should be 7-10 pages long and include at least 5 sources in its bibliography. It should be typed (12 pt Times New Roman, double spaced) and written according to the guidelines of the 6th edition of the APA publication manual. All the references of the sources you use must be written in APA style. Check your work for spelling and grammar before submitting it in TURNITIN. The essay will be worth 30% of your final grade.


Final Exam: The final examination will count for 40 % of your final grade. This is a sit exam and will consist of various questions starting from exploring main concepts, open ended questions, short essays and evaluating cases.


Individual Presentations: You will prepare two individual 15-minute presentations. You can have the first presentation in Week 4 or 6 and the second presentation in Week 10 or 13 (we will determine the topic and presentation date for each student in class). For each presentation, you will find one journal article reporting the results of one or more scientific studies that have investigated personality from the approach you will have been assigned. Since not every article may be appropriate, you will first consult me and get my approval. In your presentations, you will have to:

  • Provide a brief overview of the approach
  • Present the study focusing on the rationale behind it, the research method used (participants, materials, procedure), the results obtained, the interpretation of these results, and the implications and limitations of the study
  • Express your own opinions about the study (e.g., its strengths or weaknesses)

In addition to presenting your work, you will need to submit a written copy of it that contains the full reference of the article in APA style. The presentations will be worth 20% of your final grade.

 Assessment Criteria

Attendance & Participation 10%
Presentations (2×10%) 20%
Midterm Exam (Essay) 30%
Final Exam 40% 


General Requirements

Conduct: Please avoid disruptive behaviour such as talking with your classmates and turn off your mobile phones. Since this is a 3-hour class, we will have a break every hour.

Office Hours: If you have any questions or concerns about the course, you can talk to me during lecture breaks or office hours.

Format: All written work must adhere to the guidelines of the 6th edition of the APA publication manual and must be submitted to the TURNITIN programme.

Late Assignments: Make-up exams will NOT be given unless there is a case of documented emergency. Written assignments must be submitted before midnight on the day they are due or Turnitin will automatically consider them late. After this, 10% of the grade will be deducted.

 Academic Dishonesty: UNYT does not tolerate academic dishonesty. Read the UNYT Student Honor Code for a more detailed description of plagiarism and cheating. Please be aware that assignments submitted via Turnitin must not receive an overall plagiarism mark of over 10%.

 Learning Difficulties: If you feel that you have encountered special learning difficulties and/or

serious problems that interfere with your studies, please make an appointment with UNYT

Counseling Center, Dr. E Cenko (enilacenko@unyt.edu.al) and/or the Academic Support Center,

Dr. Albana Canollari (asc@unyt.edu.al).  For more information, please contact me and or your

academic advisor


Letter % Generally Accepted Meaning
      A 96-100 Excellent
      A- 90-95
      B+ 87-89 Good
      B 83-86
      B- 80-82
      C+ 77-79 Acceptable
      C 73-76
      C- 70-72
      D+ 67-69 Not Acceptable (failing)
      D 63-66
      D- 60-62



50-1 Failing Grade (partial credit)
0 Non-Submission or Plagiarism


Course Schedule

Date Topic Readings
Week 1

12 October

Course Introduction

Introduction to the Study of the Personality

Textbook Introduction
Week 2

19 October

Psychoanalytic Approach: Sigmund Freud Chapter 1
Week 3

26 October

Neopsychoanalytic Approach: Carl Jung


Chapter 2
Week 4

2 November

Neopsychoanalytic Approach: Alfred Adler

Presentation 1: Freud’s, Jung’s, & Adler’s Approaches

Chapter 3
Week 5

9 November

Neopsychoanalytic Approach: Karen Horney Chapter 4
Week 6

16 November

Life-Span Approach: Erik Erikson

Presentation 1: Horney’s & Erikson’s Approaches

Chapter 6
Week 7

23 November

Week 8

30 November

Trait Approach: Gordon Allport Chapter 7
Week 9

7 December

Trait Approach: Raymond Cattell, Hans Eysenck, and Other Trait Theorists Chapter 8
Week 10

14 December

Humanistic Approach: Abraham Maslow and Carl Rogers

Presentation 2: Trait & Humanistic Approaches

Chapters 9 and 10
Week 11

21 December

Cognitive Approach: George Kelly Chapter 11
Week 12

11 January

Behavioural Approach: B. F. Skinner Chapter 12
Week 13

18 January

Social Learning Approach: Albert Bandura

Presentation 2: Kelly’s, Skinner’s, & Bandura’s Approaches

Chapter 13
Week 14

25 January

Advances in Personality Theory

Personality in Perspective

Chapter 14 and Epilogue
Week 15

1 February



Faculty: Arts & Sciences.

Department: Humanities & S.Sc.

Grade: Undergraduate.

Majors: Humanities and Social Studies.

Study Fileds: Psychology.

Course Year: 2.

Course Program: UNYT.

Scheduele: MON 13:00-16:00

Instructor: Canollari Albana

Credits: 3

Prerequisite: General Psychology, Psychoanalysis, Humanism and Behaviorism